Our website "How to Grow Weed Outdoors" is dedicated to those individuals that are interested in growing weed in an outdoor setting. How to grow weed outdoors is going to give the user a look at different ways on How to Grow weed outdoors. Growing weed outdoors offers different challenges than you will find if you were to grow your weed elsewhere. How to Grow weed outdoors also offers some benefits over growing weed in another location. We hope you will enjoy our site "How to Grow Weed Outdoors".
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General Information on How to Grow Weed Outdoors
To Grow weed outdoors these are the cultivation requirements
In order to grow weed outdoors, you need the following:
Outdoor growth medium
Almost always soil is deployed, although some advanced outdoor weed growers use hydroponics. An ideal soil for outdoor weed has the following characteristics:
Loam texture to ensure good drainage, which facilitates nutrient absorption of outdoor weed and prevents root drowning.
Sufficient nutrients. Commercial soil bags usually indicate the percentages of the fundamental nutritional elements, i.e. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium. Nutrients are often provided to the soil via fertilizers but such practice requires caution.
pH between 6.0 and 7.0. This value can be adjusted - see soil pH. Commercial fertilizers (even organic) almost always make the soil more acidic (decrease its pH).
How to grow weed outdoors in soil
Soil consists of mineral mixed with living and dead organic matter and incorporates water and air. Three factors that determine success growing weed outdoors is texture, pH levels, and nutrient's. How to grow weed outdoors is often by trial and error.
How to Growing weed outdoors Tip - pH is a measurement of acid to alkaline balance in the water. One is the most acidic, fourteen is the most alkaline. Weed grows best in soil around the center of the spectrum with a pH of 6.5 to 7. Inexpensive electronic pH level testers are easy to use and available at most garden centers. You can learn How to grow weed outdoors by reading different books on the subject, they all have different ideas that can be useful.
Clay soils hold water well and provides slow, even water drainage. How to grow weed outdoors is fun and profitable too. Clay soil is slow to warm in the spring but retains warmth well in to autumn. This soil tends to have very small, flat mineral particles that pack tightly when water is applied. This can make root development difficult.
Clay-based soil for growing weed outdoors can be amended by adding a lot of compost, manure, and other organic matter. Peat moss is good for breaking up clay soils and making the soil more porous. When learning how to grow weed outdoors don't mix sand with clay soils. You'll make cement. Add straw to it and you've just make a brick.
Sandy soils have larger particles which give it good aeration. However, the good aeration means water is not retained as well and requires watering more often.
Loam type soil is ideal for growing weed outdoors as it contains a mix of clay, silt, and sand. The different sized particles creates growing medium that drains well but still retains nutrients and moisture for growing weed outdoors.
In order to grow weed outdoors warm temperatures are required.
The optimal day temperature range for outdoor weed is believed to be 24 to 30 °C. Temperatures above 31 °C and below 15.5 °C seem to decrease THC potency and slow growth. At 13 °C the plant undergoes a mild shock, although some strains have been observed to withstand frost temporarily.
The temperature needs at least to be 59 Degrees for the weed plant to keep growing outdoors, anything less then that would hurt the weed plant. Perfect temperature for growing weed outdoors would be about 80 F.
The weed plants do need a minimum of eight and 1/2 hours of sunlight per day and should be planted in late May, but definitely, after the last frost for the year.Controlling day length outdoors in growing weed is essential to good growth.
Weed is low-temperature tolerant. Outdoors, seedlings sometimes pierce snow cover, and older weed plants can withstand short, light frosts. Statistically, more males develop in cold temperatures. Low temperatures, however, slow down the rate of the weed plant's metabolism. Learning how to grow weed outdoors is time consuming, but rewards will follow.
Proper temperature is one highly variable factor for growing weed outdoors. Most technical books state best grow temperatures to be 71-81 degrees, but many list extenuating circumstances that allow temperatures to go much higher. Assuming genetics is not a factor, outdoor weed plants seem to be able to absorb more light at higher temperatures, perhaps as high as 90 degrees. High light and CO2 levels could make this go as high as 94 degrees for increased weed growth.When learning how to grow weed outdoors it is good to study the different methods discussed here, An optimum of 94 degrees is brand new data that assumes very high light. It is not clear if these temperatures will reduce the potency in the flowers. It may be a good idea to reduce temperatures once the flowering has started, to preserve potency, even if it does reduce the growth speed. But higher temperatures will make plants grow vegetatively much faster, by exciting the weed plants metabolism, assuming the required levels of CO2 and light are available, and humidity is not allowed to get too high.
Low temperatures at night are OK down to about 60 degrees outdoors, then start to effect the growth in a big way. Mid 50's will cause mild to moderate shock in the weed plants and 40's will kill your weed plants with repeated exposure. Keep your plants warm, especially the roots. Elevate the pots if you think the ground is sucking the heat out of the roots. As temperature goes up, so does the ability of the air to hold water, thus reducing humidity, so a higher average temperature should reduce risk of fungus. How to grow weed outdoors is fun.
Studies indicate the potency of the weed buds goes down as the temperature goes up, so it is important to see that the weed plants do not get too hot during their flowering cycles. Controlling day length outdoors and be a key ingredient to high thc content.
How to Grow Weed Outdoors
Weed (Marijuana) is a long-night (or short-day) plant. When weed is exposed to a period of two weeks of long nights - that is, 13 or more hours of continuous darkness each night - the weed plants respond by flowering. Learning How to Grow Weed Outdoors can be a lot of fun. This has important implications, for it allows the weed grower to control the life cycle of the weed plant and adapt it to local growing conditions or unique situations. Learning How to Grow Weed Outdoors can test your gardening skills. Since you can control flowering, you control maturation and, hence, the age of the weed plants at harvest.
PHOTOPERIOD AND FLOWERING
For the weed (marijuana) grower, how to grow marijuana, the most important plant/environment interaction to understand is the influence of the photoperiod. The photoperiod is the daily number of hours of day (light) vs. night (dark). Learning How to Grow Weed Outdoors can keep you busy if your have a day job too. In nature, long nights signal the weed plant that winter is coming and that it is time to flowers and produce seeds. As long as the day-length is long, the weed plants continue vegetative growth. If female flowers do appear, there will only be a few. These flowers will not form the characteristic large clusters or weed buds. If the days are too short, the weed plants flowers too soon, and remain small and under developed. How to Grow Weed Outdoors is exciting and enjoyable .
The weed plant "senses" the longer nights by a direct interaction with light. Learning How to Grow Weed Outdoors can be a very enjoyable hobby. A flowering hormone is present during all stages of growth. This hormone is sensitive to light and is rendered inactive by even low levels of light. When the dark periods are long enough, the hormones increase to a critical level that triggers the reproductive cycle. Vegetative growth ends and flowering begins. Learning How to Grow Weed Outdoors gives you many rewards.
The natural photoperiod changes with the passing of seasons. In the Northern Hemisphere, the length of daylight is longest on June 21. Day-length gradually decreases until it reaches its shortest duration on December 22. The duration of daylight then begins to increase until the cycle is completed the following June 21. How to Grow Weed Outdoors can be very inexpensive. You don't need to buy grow lights.
How to grow weed outdoors - Watering
Watering frequency and amount is determined by many factors, including temperature and light, the age, size and stage of growth of the plant and the medium's texture. How to Grow Weed Outdoors is very east to do. A conspicuous sign of water problems is the downward wilting of leaves.Do not over water when growing your weed outdoors. (this is a most common mistake when learning how to grow your weed outdoors)
Too much water can kill young weed plants. Following germination, allow the surface of the ground to get crusty. Stick your finger 4-5 inches under the soil, if no moisture, then water thoroughly. Your sink water should sit open for at least 24 hours or more to release the chlorine among other potentially harmful sediments in it.Learning how to grow weed outdoors takes lots of patience .
Learning How to Grow Weed Outdoors using Nutrients
Fertilizer burn on a leaf Nutrients are the food of plants and come in the form of fertilizers which can be chemical or organic, liquid or powder and may contain several elements. Commercial fertilizers must indicate the levels of NPK (mentioned above). During vegetative stage weed (marijuana) needs more amounts of N than of P and K while during flowering P is more essential than N and K. Learning How to Grow Weed Outdoors is a fairly simple process. The presence of secondary nutrients (Calcium, Magnesium, Sulfur) is recommended. Also there are seven micro nutrients (Iron, Boron, Chlorine, Manganese, Copper, Zinc, Molybdenum) that are not extremely important and rarely manifest as deficiencies.
Fertilizers although vital for good weed (marijuana) growth, must be used frugally otherwise they could burn the plant. As a general rule, half the amount suggested in a bottle may be given each time. Learning How to Grow Weed Outdoors tests your green thumb garden skills.
As a plant acclimatized to virtually every growing region on Earth, its nutrient needs vary widely with its genetics and can truly only be determined with experience. Chemical plant foods vary greatly maker to maker, and some can be used at full strength, or the strength listed for plants with large fruits like the tomato.
How to Grow Weed Outdoors
How to Grow Weed Outdoors (Marijuana) Cultivation
Outdoor cultivation of weed (marijuana) is common in both rural and urban areas, with outdoor cultivators tending to grow indica-based strains due to their heavy yields, quick maturing time, and shortness. Learning how to grow weed outdoors can consume large amounts of time. Some outdoor weed growers prefer sativa because of its clear-headed (cerebral) high, better response to sunlight, and lower odor emissions. How to grow weed outdoors is exciting too.
One can cultivate outdoor weed on his own property or practice guerrilla weed farming i.e. plant weed (marijuana) in remote areas such as forest clearings or mountain cliffs and visit rarely. However such a method is prone to ripoffs - so much so that some ingenious weed growers even attach pots on trees to decrease this possibility. How to grow weed outdoors is an adventure.
When weed is cultivated outdoors, the chosen areas are those which receive twelve hours or more of sunlight in a given day. This is very important. In the Northern Hemisphere weed (marijuana) seeds are typically planted in late May or early June, so the plants can have a full four months of growth. Typically, the plants are harvested anywhere from mid September to early October. In North America, northern locations are preferred (North Coast of California and British Columbia being particularly notable), but southern locations (such as Maui, Hawaii) are also known to be good producers. Learning how to grow weed outdoors can be challenging.
In instances where the local laws do not permit growing weed, outdoor weed cultivators may choose to grow weed in forests or rugged and rural areas where the local population are not likely to find the weed crop. Another technique is to grow weed in a crop that is larger and obscures the plants, such as maize. This is reported by the United States government to be common in the midwestern states. Bamboo and elderberry are also used as camouflage companion weed plants. Learning how to grow weed outdoors takes time.
Some government agencies, like the Drug Enforcement Agency, have claimed that in state and national parks, people have been injured by weed-marijuana farmers protecting their crops growing weed in US national parks and forests, through booby traps and the like, although no arrests or convictions have been made so growing weed outdoors has it's challenges.
Often, simple camouflage techniques can avert detection, such as mixing weed (marijuana) plants with other bushy, leafy species. Weed plants started outdoors late in the season do not grow as tall, attracting less attention when placed next to weed plants of similar or taller stature.How to grow weed outdoors.
A common technique used by many outdoor growers is to dig a hole and put a potted weed plant in it. This can reduce a plant's height by at least a foot, reducing visibility to neighbors, visitors and guests. Also, some growers top the plant when it is only 12 inches high, and grow the 2 tops horizontally along a trellis. When using this technique, it is unlikely the weed plant will grow to be over 3 feet tall.
Law enforcement agencies often monitor certain wider areas, particularly areas of countryside with a significant history of outdoor weed growing. In helicopters, they use infrared cameras and other equipment that can detect the weed plant by measuring the heat and reflective signature of the vegetation below. How to grow weed outdoors.Weed (marijuana) has higher reflectivity at certain wave lengths than other rural crops, such as corn. Law enforcement agencies have found that the use of this technology has become necessary in their detection efforts because many growers hide weed among other plants, making detection with the naked eye difficult even from the air. These techniques are effective and difficult to defeat because a plant's reflective signature is difficult to change or mask. It has been said that if the weed plant is planted by a pine or cedar tree the heat from the tree will overlap the marijuana plant heat making it harder to detect from helicopters. How to grow weed outdoors is a lot of fun too.